What are the Basic Questions and Problems of Moral Philosophy?June 28, 2021
Moral philosophy basically focuses on the following 5 questions:
Is man free when engaging in moral actions?
What is the purpose of moral actions?
Is there a universal moral law?
What are the characteristics that determine the moral law?
What are the characteristics of moral judgments?
We will discuss the answers given by philosophers to these questions in the following headings.
Please also review the contents of the following links:
1. Is man free when taking moral actions?
What is determinism?
What is indeterminism?
What is autodeterminism?
What is libertarianism?
What is fatalism?
2. What is the purpose of moral actions?
3. Is there a universal moral law?
What is hedonism?
What is egoism?
What is anarchism?
What is pragmatism?
What is nihilism?
What is existentialism?
What is utilitarism?
What is intuitionism?
4. What are the characteristics that determine the moral law?
5. What are the characteristics of moral judgments?
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook