What are the Characteristics that Determine the Moral Law?June 28, 2021
In addition to the generally accepted common values such as honor, justice, responsibility and honor in every society, there are also customs and traditions that regulate social life.
These form the common understanding called public conscience in society. The public conscience has the controlling power and affects the behaviors that do not comply with the social values and rules. E.g; such as military and tax duties. This is the objective property of morality.
A person thinks that some behaviors are good and some are bad. He separates the good and the bad through reason and conscience and decides. This shows that morality has characteristics that depend on the individual (subjective feature). E.g; as we help a poor person, even when we are not obliged to.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook