What are the Effects of Welfare and Curiosity on the Emergence of Philosophy?November 25, 2019
To explain the emergence of philosophy in a cultural environment as a common intellectual movement, although researchers, philosophers, and historians of philosophy have counted a number of factors or conditions, it can be said that two of these conditions have come to the forefront and are even considered as essential factors.
In other words, it takes two things for science and philosophy to emerge as critical thinking and products of high culture. First of all, it is indispensable that the society in which philosophy can develop has reached a certain or high level of prosperity. In such a welfare society, the philosopher is obliged to have spare time instead of working to meet his material needs.
This first condition was realized in the 6th century BC in Ionia, which is a crossroads where various trade routes are merged and enriched by various means, especially maritime, agriculture and trade. In this rich port city, which had direct access to Egypt in the south, the Black Sea in the north, Mesopotamia in the East and all Greek cities in the West, people lived in a cultural atmosphere that was material and humanistic in terms of real wealth and general orientation.
On the other hand, the second condition for the emergence of critical mentality and philosophy is that one should be curious, not content with what is being taught or presented, but trying to understand why the world’s beings, things should be as they are. This was the case with the philosopher Thales, who was originally an Ionian. Thales was not content with the explanation offered by Greek religion or mythology, but tried to understand and explain why things should be as they are. As can be seen from here, philosophy is not a matter of seeing or believing, as did the pre-philosophical man. Philosophy is a matter of curiosity, thinking, in other words, thinking, in short, reason. Philosophy, unity hidden behind the multiplicity of visible beings,
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade “Introduction to Philosophy” and “Introduction to Sociology” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM), “History of Philosophy”, Ahmet Cevizci