What Are the Functions of Philosophy? Individual and Social Functions of PhilosophyJune 26, 2021
Philosophy is to grasp the real reality behind the visible; to examine concepts such as free will, duty and responsibility with universal value judgments, personal and social behavior rules; It is a study to explain the source, quality and basis of our information.
There are teachings reflecting different tendencies, approaches and perspectives in each dimension of this study. Despite all these different perspectives, we can look at philosophy as an effort to make the world and our lives in the world meaningful in general.
Philosophy, especially today, makes logical analyzes in language, science and mathematics. However, the universal function of philosophy is to process our understanding of the world and life with the mind, to provide us with conceptual clarity in our field of knowledge.
Philosophy rather than the results it brings as a “solution”; The problems he deals with about the universe and human gain an identity with the way he approaches these problems. Whether it gives the solutions we seek or not, what matters is the explanations of philosophy based on a certain experience. These explanations open new horizons for us to enrich our thoughts, give us the freedom to construct our worldview by our own efforts.
Philosophy is the key to life.
In its early days, philosophy was an activity to determine the nature of existence and to find the main principles that explain everything that happens in the universe. It then came under the influence of the church in the Middle Ages. It has turned into an attitude of understanding the universe as a work of God and giving meaning to human life in this direction. With the Renaissance, he turned to conceptual analysis, especially under the growing influence of science. In our age, the main function of philosophy, all its intellectual activities meanwhile; critical analysis of science, art, and morality in terms of assumption, meaning, and purpose.
In the past, philosophy tried to grasp reality as a whole only with reason and intuition. With the development of science, this attitude has lost its validity. Today, philosophy is no longer presenting a comprehensive worldview; It strives to clarify concepts in the fields of science, art and morality. It deals with the thesis and value judgments put forward in these fields with a critical approach. It investigates whether human life has a meaning and questions what actions people should take. It is interested in conditions that can make people and society happy.
Philosophy has performed a number of very important functions in the lives of people and societies. We can list these functions that reveal the importance and value of philosophy as follows:
WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF PHILOSOPHY?
Philosophy has been influential in the emergence of major political formations and transformations. Philosophers’ views are the basis of major political movements such as the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the French Revolution.
Philosophy has made important contributions to the development and functioning of democracy, which is a form of government. Philosophers have made important contributions to the foundation of fundamental rights and freedoms, the formation of constitutions, and the adoption of universal values such as equality, freedom and peace.
Philosophy has an important function in raising awareness of people, understanding the universe, the world, and themselves, and satisfying the impulse of curiosity and doubt. First of all, it makes people question the meaning of their existence. Questions such as “Why am I in this world?”, “Does my life have a purpose?, “Is the mind different from the body?” are of great benefit in terms of making sense of our existence. In other words, there are some basic principles on which human life and actions are based. The questioning and grounding of these principles It is of great importance for human beings to make sense of their existence in this world.An existence (life) that will be realized without questioning these principles on which life is based is an ordinary and baseless existence.
Philosophy teaches people to think clearly and correctly on many issues. Philosophical thinking gives people the ability to look at a problem from many angles and approach problems without prejudice.
Today, it is described as an information society. Information is seen as a commodity that can be bought and sold. We see that societies that have achieved modernity and development, and have created science and technology, are also advancing in philosophy. One of the important ways of producing knowledge is philosophy.
FUNCTIONAL DEFINITIONS OF PHILOSOPHY
Philosophy takes an attitude towards life and the universe (Sönmez 2006, p.62).
Philosophy is a method based on rational examination and creative thinking.
Philosophy is an effort to gain a certain view of the universe and the whole.
Philosophy is both a problem and theories about the solution of problems (Tozlu, 2003, pp.7-9).
Philosophy is the logical analysis of language, the definition of concepts and words, and the clarification of their meanings (Türkoğlu, 1996, pp.168-169).
Philosophy is the purpose, method and technique that guides the sciences (Çelikkaya, 1999, p.87).
ANALYTICAL AND SYNTHETIC FUNCTIONS OF PHILOSOPHY
Philosophical thought also has analytical (analytical) and constitutive (synthetic) functions.
When it comes to the analytical function of philosophical thought, what is meant is the philosopher himself.