What are the Fundamental Rights of the Individual?June 28, 2021
Fundamental rights; These are the inviolable and inalienable rights of human beings. Today, the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual are guaranteed by law. Fundamental rights of the individual are gathered in three groups.
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE INDIVIDUAL
1. Personal Rights (Protective Rights)
These are the rights that protect the individual against the power of the state and society. For this reason, these rights are called “protective rights”. For example; such as the right to life, personal security, privacy, home inviolability, freedom of religion and conscience, freedom of communication and thought.
2. Social and Economic Rights (Rights to Request)
They are the rights that an individual can demand from the state due to the principle of social state. For this reason, these rights are called “rights to demand”. It is secondary to personal rights. For example; such as the protection of the family, the right to education, the right to work and the freedom of speech, the right to health, the right to social security and the right to property.
3. Political Rights (Rights to Participate)
These are the rights that enable citizens to participate in the administration of the state. This is why these rights are called “rights to participate”. For example; such as the right to elect, be elected and engage in political activities, the right to form a political party, the right to enter and leave parties, the right to enter public service, the right to petition and the right to citizenship.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook