What are the main differences between modern thought and scholastic thought?
Scholastic is the term used for the dominant philosophy, the Christian philosophy , between the 2nd and 15th centuries .
The term meaning of this term is “school philosophy” . At the end of this period, the universities that were opened to explain, explain and spread Christianity became the places where scholastic philosophy could be understood best. Scholastic philosophy was born with this schooling movement as a result of an effort to rationalize the teachings of Christian faith.
Theology is dominant in scholastic philosophy . Philosophical explanations are made in accordance with religious acceptances. In the mind-belief problem, the insufficiency of reason was emphasized and it was thought that this deficiency could be completed with belief. It is argued that full devotion to the church should be based on not only lack of reason but also individual. Scholastic thought is effective in individual life as well as in social life as a whole. Religion is the only determining factor in areas such as administration, economy and law. In this period, scientific studies were not needed, and some scientific arguments, like Aristotle’s view of physics, were undisputedly correct in the explanations about nature. After the scholastic period, all the elements belonging to this scholastic thought changed.
The thought system that began with the Renaissance and consolidated in the 17th century is called modern thought . The impact of scholastic philosophy in the field of thought and in all aspects of life has resulted in the change created by modern thought being effective in all aspects of life. Modern thought is the system of thought that bases the science of philosophy and scientific method. The individual and the thought of the individual are emphasized in all aspects. The mind is expected to guide the scientific method. This situation, which is thought to be related to the two different fields of belief and knowledge of reason, is positioned separately from each other.
The distinction between modern thought and Scholastic thought will be discussed separately in the following table: