What are the Main Differences of Modern Thought and Scholastic Thought?

What are the Main Differences of Modern Thought and Scholastic Thought?

June 28, 2021 Off By Felso

Scholastic is the term used for the philosophy that was dominant between the 2nd century and the 15th century, that is, for the Christian philosophy. The literal meaning of this term is “school philosophy”. Universities, which were opened at the end of this period to explain, explain and spread Christianity, were the places where scholastic philosophy could be best understood. Scholastic philosophy was born with this schooling movement as a result of the effort to make the teachings of the Christian faith intelligible.

In scholastic philosophy, theology is dominant. Philosophical explanations are made in line with religious acceptances. In the mind-belief problem, the inadequacy of the mind was emphasized and it was thought that this deficiency could be completed with faith. It has been argued that full devotion to the church should be taken as a basis, not only because of the inadequacy of the mind but also of the individual.

Scholastic thought is effective not only in individual life, but also in the whole of social life. Religion is also the only determining factor in areas such as administration, economy and law. In this period, there was no need for scientific studies, and some scientific arguments, such as Aristotle’s view of physics, were accepted indisputably true in the explanations for nature. After the Scholastic Period, there has been a change in all the elements of this scholastic thought.

The system of thought that started with the Renaissance and consolidated in the 17th century is called modern thought. The effect of scholastic philosophy in the field of thought and in all aspects of life has resulted in the change created by modern thought to be effective in every aspect of life. Modern thought is a system of thought based on the science and scientific method of philosophy. The individual and the individual’s thought are highlighted in all aspects. The mind is expected to guide the scientific method. This situation, which is thought to be related to two different fields, belief and knowledge of reason, has been positioned separately from each other.

It will be possible to consider the distinction between Modern thought and Scholastic thought separately in the table below:

Differences between Scholastic Thought and Modern Thought