What are the Social Contributions of Philosophy?June 26, 2021
Contribution of philosophy to society is a topic that can be dealt with specifically. That is to say, philosophy, which is generally known as an individual activity and liberates people on an individual level by freeing them from the grip of habits, also provides very important services on a general or social platform.
Philosophers have expressed their views on every subject that concerns human beings. Subjects of philosophy have changed over time depending on needs and questions. This situation is a result of the dynamic and continuous nature of philosophy. These features have placed philosophy in an important place on the social ground; because philosophy has produced solutions for the needs of people and societies.
For example, in the field of philosophy ethics, environmental ethics, medical ethics, professional ethics, etc. formation of perspectives; developing new approaches in the field of education, revealing student-centered education, etc.; In the field of art, he has taken very active roles in human and social fields such as the emergence of different art movements such as surrealism, cubism, symbolism.
Cubism and the cubist art tradition emerged with the contributions of philosophy.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PHILOSOPHY TO SOCIETY?
We can say that philosophy is the source of all modern ideologies such as philosophy, liberalism, conservatism, and socialism. In other words, those who created and formulated the said ideology or political philosophies were the philosophers who read their age correctly.
On the other hand, today, despite some of its shortcomings, it is accepted by almost everyone that democracy is the best form of government. Philosophy makes important contributions to the development and functioning of democracy as a form of government. Because democracy works when people have a critical point of view.
The culture of democracy settles in when people learn to see things from different angles and to question themselves and others; Democracy only works when people are not bigoted and can be tolerant and unprejudiced. Only a philosophical view can teach us to see the other as a being of value, at least as morally worthy of equal respect and treatment. What will give people these basic habits and virtues is only philosophy, a philosophical perspective.
Indeed, we need philosophy to respect differences, to provide the minimum conditions for coexistence with others. In this respect, the philosophy we especially need shows that conflicts between people have been going on for thousands of years and that these conflicts can be found wherever people are. Philosophy further demonstrates that conflicts between people can be resolved by applying universal ethical principles, such as fairness, justice, respect for the opinions and rights of others, to be dropped from a high-flying aircraft.
Democracy is the right to have a say, and it is philosophy that provides it.
Again, however, philosophy shows that the main cause of conflict between people is the sacrifice of the individual’s identity, ideas, and self-expression. The reason for this sacrifice is often the desire to identify with the group or community. Indeed, people forget their individual identities and cling to a collective identity in order to provide themselves with security and comfort. They take refuge in a group, community or ideology; Before being “Ali”, “Parent”, “Hans”, “George” or a “modest person”, you can be “feminist”, “Christian”, “American”, “nationalist”, “socialist”, etc. they prefer to be.
When we replace our individual identity with our group identity, we give up an important part of our freedom of thought, belief and behavior. We adopt the demand for harmony in behavior with the unity of thought and belief of the community. The group engulfs us, gives us a collective identity; It saves us the trouble of looking for ourselves while appealing to our urge to belong. The same community provides us with security and comfort of living while making us see ourselves as needed. But when we do this, we begin to see the group or community to which we belong as the center of humanity. We come to see those who do not belong to this group, those who think differently, as our enemies. Because we have divided the world into “us” and “them,” that is, ourselves and others, believers and infidels, patriots and the sold out. It goes without saying that “we” is always and everywhere superior to “them”. Only a philosophical attitude can show us that this is not really the case.
Only philosophy can reveal that differences are necessary for social development and progress, not content with understanding and tolerance. Let’s think about it: If everyone continued to think that the earth is flat and motionless, we would believe that the earth is standing motionless in the center of the universe, like a flat tray. Fortunately, one day, someone had the courage to stand up and say that the earth is round and that the sun revolves around it, at the risk of death.
What was considered deviant in the past, considered unacceptable