What are the Uses of Sovereignty?June 28, 2021
Max Weber (1864-1920) divided the forms of use of sovereignty into three groups as traditional, charismatic and rational domination.
a) Traditional sovereignty: It is a form of government in which the sovereignty belongs to certain individuals or families, not to the people, and the sovereignty is passed from father to son. Sovereignty is determined by the customs, traditions and beliefs of the society. The rules that apply in society are related to them. E.g; such as kingship, monarchy, sheikhdom.
b) Charismatic Sovereignty: It is a form of domination in which the ruler (leader) is believed to have superior characteristics. They obey the ruler not because of tradition or law, but because they believe and trust. The manager finds the power to manage because of his positive superior achievements. E.g; like the authority of prophets, someone who showed heroism in his past (Atatürk).
c) Rational (Rational) / Legal (Democratic) Sovereignty: It is the authority in which sovereignty is based on written rules, that is, rational law. The rules of law bind both the ruler and the ruled. No one’s power and authority is unlimited. The principle of separation of powers (legislative, executive and judiciary being gathered in different hands) is valid in the organizational structure of the state. Most of today’s societies are examples of this.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook