What are Universals, General Concepts?

What are Universals, General Concepts?

July 2, 2021 Off By Felso

General concepts. This idiom is used synonymously with the idioms of universals and universals to express the five generals in the language of logic. In metaphysics and idealist philosophy, he expresses general concepts.

In the historical process, idealism was built on these general concepts. The basic proposition of thoughtfulness, which started with the Ancient Greek Eleatics and formed in the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle and reached its zenith in the philosophy of Hegel, is that the generals (universals and universals) are real beings. The logic they follow is this: Reality is not what is, on the contrary, it is non-existent. Generals do not exist, only individuals exist. For example, white is a general concept, it is obtained by abstracting from all white individualities, and therefore it does not exist, on the contrary, there is a white flower, because it is an individual object. To exist means to exist in a certain space and time. But if all space and time are searched, white is not found.

Thus, the generals are neither in space nor in time, and there is nothing that does not exist anywhere and at any time. everything that exists is individual, the general is non-individual. However, all our knowledge of objective reality consists of concepts, that is, generals. The truth, then, is general, not individual. Since the general does not exist and only the individual exists, the necessary conclusion from this is that the real is non-existent, not existent. That is, the real real being is not a existent, but a non-existent being. These puns of metaphysics and reflective philosophy have come to an end in Berkeley on one side and in Hegelianism on the other.

General concepts… This idiom is used synonymously with the idioms of universals and universals to express five generals in the language of logic. In metaphysics and idealist philosophy, it expresses all general concepts. In the historical process, idealism was built on these general concepts. The basic premise of idealism, which started with the ancient Greek Eleatics and formed in the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle and reached its peak in the philosophy of Hegel, is that the generals (universals or universals) are real beings. The logic they follow is this: Reality is not what exists, on the contrary, it does not exist. Generals do not exist, only individuals exist.

For example, white is a general concept, it is obtained by abstracting from all individuals, and therefore it does not exist, on the contrary, there is a white flower, because it is an individual object. To exist is to exist in a certain space and place. But if all space and space are searched, white cannot be found. So generals are neither in space nor in time, and there is nothing that does not exist anywhere and at any time. everything that exists is individual, the general is non-individual. However, all our knowledge of objective reality consists of concepts, that is, generals. The truth, then, is general, not individual. Since the general does not exist and only the individual exists, the necessary conclusion from this is that the real is non-existent, not existent. That is, the real real being is not a existent, but a non-existent being. These puns of metaphysics and idealist philosophy have come to an end in Berkeley on one side and in Hegelianism on the other.

What is the General Concept?

Concepts that express all the individuals they include. It is used to express concepts that specify common properties of a class of objects in exchange for the idiom of individual concepts that specify properties of a single object. In the scholastic language and in the Port-Royal logic, the terms general and universal are used interchangeably. For this reason, scholastics also call general concepts or generals universals, in this sense the term universals is also used. For example, Eskişehir, which is the name of a city, is an individual concept, and the old city is a general concept that expresses all old cities in general. General concepts are diversified into species concepts and genus concepts. For example, the plum tree is a species concept that includes all plum trees, whereas the tree concept is a genus concept that expresses all trees, including plum trees. On the other hand, the concept of plant is a broader genus concept that includes the tree species along with other species such as moss and grass, and the concept of tree, which is a genus concept according to the plum tree species concept, is a species concept according to the plant concept.

General concepts, or universals and universals, are the basis of metaphysics and idealist philosophy. General concepts (universals or universals), which are in fact abstractions of the human mind and have no opposition in nature and therefore have no reality, are considered real entities in metaphysics and idealist philosophy. This thought, which was formed in the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle starting from the ancient Eleatics and reached its zenith in the philosophy of Hegel, is the basic idea of ​​idealism.

What are Universals?

General ideas considered as essences of beings in scholastic philosophy. Generals are synonymous with universals and general concepts. The term universals is a term that caused the greatest philosophical quarrel of the Middle Ages (the fight between realists and nominalists) and undermined scholasticism. Plato, essences of ideas, objects