What Does “God Is Dead” Mean? What does it mean?June 27, 2021
“God is dead” is Nietzsche’s most popular saying. Nietzsche expressed this idea for the first time in his work called The Merry Science. He announces the idea of ”God’s Death”, which should be interpreted according to the conditions of that period, through the mouth of a lunatic, as he puts it. In the daytime he walked around with a lantern and said “God is dead! God is dead!” he proclaims the death of God through the mouth of a madman who cries.
Nietzsche “How can a good God be attributed to innumerable conflicts and sufferings that do not fit in any justice?” He argued that God’s death is a necessity for man to overcome his incomprehensible nature and to reach the superman.
He believes that God sent man to earth to suffer. Nietzsche also emphasized this in his work Empedocles. According to Nietzsche, the “Artist God” presents himself as a model for the Greek. He suggests that he give himself a shape, take out the sculpture hidden in the marble or stone, and then enjoy this work of art. The “Christian God” is commanding. Instead of taking advantage of the blessings of the world, he wants people to suffer. “We deny God, we deny God’s responsibility, and thus, we only know the world.” Nietzsche thought that it was wrong for people to blame the world by not blaming God after the events. According to Nietzsche, all the values we have developed are nothing but tools developed to prevent us from seeing the true nature of the world.
However, these tools serve to make an unbearable world bearable for us. This service has been supported by the existence of religions for years. Religions give us beautiful promises like the next world and command us what we should do in this world. These commandments are intended to destroy the free and rebellious nature of men and to make them part of the herd.
Nietzsche opposes the concept of God and the means that make life bearable. On the other hand, they say how difficult it is to live without existence and how high a level of life and individual consciousness it requires. That’s what he wants. Those who serve science and religion are not different from each other at this point. Both cause these tools and promises to enter people’s lives again and again and cause people to become blindly attached to them.
People must get rid of these tools and get out of the world that has been forced into necessity. God is dead; because people are capable of directing their own actions. But as might be expected, Nietzsche does not propose a complete exit from this situation. He says that people can achieve this exit.
If we cannot turn God’s death into a great rejection and a sustained victory over ourselves, we will have to pay the price for that loss.
The starting point of the concept of the Superman (Übermench), which Friedrich Nietzsche put forward as the greatest purpose and hope for existence, is a crisis that takes place in the common and inner world of humanity: “God’s death!”
This crisis is still being debated a century after Nietzsche’s death. Some commentators have interpreted this crisis as Nietzsche’s definition of humanity to atheism, some have seen this crisis as a special uprising against Christianity, and some have perceived it as a slogan describing the collapse of the value of human existence and essence with nihilism.
The reason for such different views is, of course, again due to Nietzsche; because Nietzsche, who never had a concern for being understood, and Nietzsche, who dealt with different subjects separately and in different works -sometimes with contradictions- exhausted the readers who did not read his works with a holistic approach and pushed them to wrong conclusions. Maybe it is for this reason that even the most extreme masses and groups – for example Anton Lavey and his followers, … and Neo-Nazis, even some Heavy Metal bands, Anarchists, take Nietzsche’s “Death of God” argument/motto to different dimensions. They were able to make comments that had no intrinsic value and no meaning. For this reason, it is very difficult to interpret the “Death of God” crisis clearly and unequivocally. Perhaps the only thinker perceived so differently in such extremes is Nietzsche. The interpretation of Ahmet Inam, one of today’s respected philosophers, as the “Philosopher of the Heart-Believer” is quite interesting, from the interpretation of Adolf Hitler’s politics to the fact that he is also remembered for the brutality of Mussolini.
The only common point of the subject that is not discussed by those who interpret Nietzsche is that Nietzsche announced that a nihilistic world understanding would cause great social destruction in the period and in the world after the period, and he sought a new sacred meaning/value. The beginning of Nietzsche’s tragic philosophy begins with the declaration of God’s death. But there is an important detail that is greatly misunderstood; It is not Nietzsche who kills God, but humanity on the contrary. Mankind has diminished the value of life a little more every century, and stained belief in God, the most basic condition of its existence. H