What Exactly Is an Asset? The Problem of What of BeingJune 28, 2021
There is matter in the outer appearance of the being, and energy, dynamism and power in it. Matter is finite, assets are infinitely numerous. The world of being is multifaceted, multi-staged and very meaningful. There are cosmological, physical, biological, psychological, sociological and so on aspects of reality.
The cosmological world has categories of space (space), time and causality. Man tries to understand the order of the universe of existence within these categories. It is very difficult to explain the world of being without time, space and causality. But even modern science is far from finding the limits of time and space. Even with the light-year, which is currently the largest unit of measurement, it seems impossible to reach these dimensions.
Augustine believes that time and space were also created with the universe. Kant evaluates time and space as patterns of view of the human being world. J. Böhme says “these are the sense organs of god”.
Schopenhauer explained that three-dimensional time (past, present, future) and three-dimensional space (height, width, length) are tried to be controlled by the human mind.
Causality arises from the human mind’s ability to find reasons and draw conclusions. But in the subatomic world, rather than a causal link, relationship uncertainty is seen.
When we look at reality in terms of physics, it becomes clear that the laws and numerical balances underlying material assets and phenomena are important. Physics is constantly breaking down matter, descending to the subatomic world and reaching the world of photons there. In the essence of beings, both matter and energy emerge.
At the basis of all things is light without measure, without weight. Protons, electrons, masses come out of here. It is the energy that protects inanimate beings as a whole and makes living beings grow and live. The Chinese’s Yin and Yang are also the energy poles that keep living things alive.
Just as we cannot see the atom and the subatomic world with our eyes, we cannot see many dimensions in the universe.
When you look at the biological view of reality, you immediately encounter the problem of why and how life began. The question of “why” in these matters cannot be answered as both the beginning and the end of life. There are theories and speculations about how living life began. It is known that life begins in water and that biological characteristics are transferred between living beings through DNA codes. However, at the point of the emergence of living species, the views advocating the immutability of species through a biological evolution still continue their debate throughout the history of thought.
Since Heraclitus, Democritus and Aristotle, it has been claimed that there is an evolution in biological life. In the 19th century, C. Darwin claimed that living things evolved from a root. Haeckel claimed that the development (phylogenesis) of each living species over many millennia is hidden in that creature’s embryonal developmental stage (ontogenesis). J. Monad also argued that evolution through mutation occurred by chance. Against these, religious-based philosophical explanations that animate and inanimate beings were created by a god in a planned and programmed manner remained alive.
One of the most important concepts that we come across while examining the world of existence, both philosophically and scientifically, is creation (genesis).
According to the natural philosophers of ancient Greece, the main substance of existence (such as water, air, fire and earth) was single and living. All becoming was brought about by this main being. In Empedocles, the four main elements (earth, water, air and fire) were united by love and separated by hatred, and thus becoming was formed. According to Anaxagoras, there was as much main matter as there were beings in the universe, “nous” provides the first movement; subsequent movements were mechanical in nature, with impact and pressure. According to Democritus, there were atoms, the smallest part of matter, in the essence of beings. As a result of the movements of atoms, a mechanical and necessary formation occurred.
Plato describes the world of ideas as a world where there is no formation and change, and this world of existence as a world where there is formation and corruption. It is the idea of goodness called Demiourgos that creates the world of becoming. According to Aristotle, becoming is the action of the hidden power in matter and the development of that matter. Self-actualization happens for four reasons; material, formal, motive and final causes. The becoming of being is for a certain purpose (teleological).
According to Plotinos, the basis of everything is the spirit, and the existence of beings depends on the spirit. “Nous” thinks, and the soul shapes matter according to these thoughts. If there were no soul, there would be no vitality, no movement, no form.
According to Augustine, God created the universe freely and threw it into time. Everything changes in the course of time, as determined by God.
Descartes also accepts that God gave the objects the first movement. But everything else is mechanical. God has created nature and its laws, but does not interfere with its workings. The laws of nature operate on their own and dominate everything. In terms of becoming, Malebranche is against Descartes. According to him, objects