What is a Fact, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Everything that has happened is called a fact. Being and event are facts. Fact statement is broader than these two closely related phrases and includes both. The phenomenon, which is handled with the features of the real time and place, is the phenomenon that has been stripped of the event time and place features. All that has been is fact; Therefore, the phrase “fact” is antonym with the phrases possible, possible, and intellectual, representational. Because these idioms express what has not happened yet; they are likely to happen, are possible, or are thought to happen, are planned, but they have not happened yet and are therefore not facts.
Claudie Bernard says that “the only real facts to guide and at the same time control experiential thought.” The event is the fact that is the subject of experience, but the fact controls its experience; because fact is descriptive and concrete, event is analytical and abstract. The event is the subject of experiment, and the phenomenon is the result of experiment. For example, war is a fact as it happened, an event as an abstract, a past in a certain place and time.
Auguste Comte and his positivists (positivists) call what we call perception a fact. According to them, only our sensations and perceptions are direct data, we should be content with examining them.
According to Kierkegaard and his existential followers (existentialists), man is a pure phenomenon that cannot be understood and has no explanation. And he was thrown into a world alien to him. In terms of logic, science deduces propositions from facts and proves these propositions with facts.
To explain a fact is to reduce it to other facts. However, there are also phenomena that cannot be explained, that is, that cannot be reduced to other phenomena. For example, the existence of something is such a phenomenon. You can’t doubt that your hand is on fire when you touch a hot stove, these are the facts given for sure. Natural sciences, and science in general, do not just explain the facts, they try to explain them in the simplest way possible. Science tries to bind the facts not only to laws, but to the nearest laws. The facts are the actual data provided by the experiment. The experiential method is based on facts and experiences can only be controlled by reference to facts.