What is a Philosophical Text, How to Write a Philosophical Text?June 26, 2021
The written embodiment of any expression in a certain order is called a text. The philosophical text is formed in line with the philosopher’s idea about a problem.
The philosopher weaves his text step by step with his questioning and reasoning on that problem. The philosophical text consists of many constituent elements. Problem, concept, claim, counter-claim, justification, explanation and criticism are the prominent ones among them. The elements of the philosophical text are expected to exhibit a self-consistent structure.
Philosophical text analysis is generally the process of separating the elements that make up that text and revealing the relationships between them. While performing the analysis, the way and method of that analysis should be clearly stated. However, which ones can be used cannot be limited, different or new ways are also possible.
Plato’s “Dialogues” are philosophical texts that still retain their value today.
In philosophical text analysis, first of all, the main problem of the text and the philosopher’s basic views on this problem are determined and the terms used by them are separated. Considering the proposition, argument and reasoning styles used while forming an opinion, it is checked whether it is consistent or not. Another way of studying the philosophical text is linguistic analysis of the text. First of all, attention is paid to whether the concepts and expressions are semantically correct and whether they are connected correctly.
The main purpose of text analysis is to understand and interpret the text correctly. Understanding the ideas in a text is mostly a matter of the reader, independent of the author. Because sometimes it is possible to understand the ideas in the text in a different way, not as the author wants to express. With different perspectives and comparative readings, the main points of the text should be clarified, that is, the text should be enriched in meaning.
The philosophical text constitutes a holistic structure. The elements that make up the text cannot be evaluated as healthy without considering the whole text. A text can contain more than one idea. Although the text contains many ideas, it actually aims to put forward a single claim. All other ideas actually exist to support this basic claim. The personal characteristics of the philosopher, the conditions of the place and period he lived in are included in the context analysis. In more detailed text analyzes, attention is also paid to context analyzes.
PHILOSOPHY TEXT ANALYSIS
The philosophical text is read with attention to concepts and problems.
There are basic views in the philosophical text.
The main components that support the main idea of the philosophical text are determined together with their meanings.
The semantic control of the expressions is done by examining the philosophical text linguistically.
Inferences in the philosophical text are examined logically. Their consistency with the principles of reason and logic is checked.
The persuasiveness and robustness of the basic view are revealed.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and “Introduction to Sociology” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM), MEB Philosophy Textbook, Open Education Textbook