What is Altruism and What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Altruism or altruism is an understanding that values feelings and is not based on any self-interest. Altruism is an approach put forward by the French thinker Auguste Comte (1798-1857) as opposed to egoism. True altruism is a social relationship and emerges with the real harmony of the individual and society.
Alturism, also known as altruism, can also be defined as “taking care of the benefit of others as much as one’s own benefit” or “trying to be beneficial to other people without seeking material or moral self-interest, and “acting against selfishness”. As it can be understood from its definitions, alturism is not used in the sense of “putting aside one’s own developmental needs and only trying to provide for the interests of others”, but also in the sense of thinking of others as oneself, loving others as much as oneself, or caring for the benefit of others as much as one’s own.
Alturism, in a way, is the fulfillment of one’s duties in the society of which one is a part. This is explained as follows: It is against the natural structure of human beings to live individually (separately from other people). Man is a creature in need of collective life. It is a clear example of this that the baby most in need of care is the human baby.
If the society in which the individual lives is compared to an organism consisting of various organs; Altruism or altruism is the individual’s fulfillment of his or her duties in the organism for the benefit of the organism of which he is a part or an organ. Therefore, altruism is not actually giving up one’s interests, but rather thinking about one’s higher interests. Because a malfunction in the perfect functioning of the organism will reflect on itself and cause some disturbances in its own work. In addition, the development and rise of the organism to which it is attached means the development and rise of itself. As a result, altruism can also be explained as fulfilling the requirements of collective living.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım