What is Amoralism and What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Amoralism or Non-Emoralism is the general name for teachings that deny morality or morality. For example, the German thinker Nietzsche: “What they call virtue is really nothing but cowardice.” he denied virtue, which is one of the basic concepts of moral philosophy. Then the French philosopher Taine said, “Evil and virtue are a natural product, like sugar and zach.” He followed the same path as Nietzsche and displayed an Amoralist approach. In summary, Amoralism expresses the absence of individual morality and is defined by the phrase “absence of morality”.
WHAT IS AMORALISM?
Amoralism, in the field of moral philosophy, is the name of the doctrine that opposes moral rules. amoralist moral philosophy; It is a philosophical structure that argues that man is a natural being and that he can have immoral behaviors as well as moral behaviors, therefore it is unnecessary and meaningless to create a system of moral rules in society.
As we mentioned at the beginning of the article, the great German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is one of the strong advocates of “amoralism”. Nietzsche accepted man as a natural being and said, “There is no such thing as moral truths.” He said and therefore defended the view that immorality and vice should be regarded as normal in human behavior as well as morality and virtue. In this context, we can say that for Nietzsche, moral standards and norms cannot be inhibitors that can be put before human behavior; This is all nonsense and unnecessary.
For Nietzsche, moral standards and norms cannot be inhibitors of human behavior.
Apart from Nietzsche, “amoralism” was handled differently in the moral philosophy of Gazzali, who was one of the influential names of Islamic philosophy especially in the Middle Ages. Gazzali, unlike Nietzsche, dealt with the issue of people not judging each other on morality and said, “Don’t you know that a sinner smells worse than rotten meat and this filth won’t clean anyone else? How dare you clean someone else when you stink like that?” He talked about the weakness of moral rules.
As can be understood from these explanations, it seems possible to look at the issue of morality and immorality in a very different way. In al-Ghazali’s moral philosophy, it is stated that human beings may not always choose the right path and sometimes go the wrong way; However, it is stated that a person cannot have the right to judge another person on moral issues. According to al-Ghazali’s moral philosophy, every person can engage in immoral behavior and actions, albeit to varying degrees – consciously or unconsciously. This is the proof of Ghazali’s amoralist side.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım