What is an Information Act? What are Information Acts?June 26, 2021
The subject, who turns to objects, develops a mental activity by thinking about them. As a result of this activity, concepts and propositions and inferences are reached from the concepts.
In this process, information does not emerge only with the subject’s perception of the object. There are ties that enable the formation of knowledge in the human mind and establish the relationship between the subject and the object. The ties that establish this relationship are called acts of knowledge.
The main information acts are; perceiving, thinking, understanding, explaining.
Information Act Types
Perception or perception acted
Perception flow introduces us to our environment and we tend to the things around us first with the perception flow. The act of perception takes place with the functions of our sense organs such as seeing, hearing, smelling, touching and tasting. Perception can establish a physical link between the active subject and tangible entities. For example, when we touch the lemon with our tongue, we reach the knowledge of the sourness of the lemon through the act of perception. We can reach the knowledge that a living thing is a dog, for example, with our eyesight or hearing it bark. In summary, the act of perception provides information about concrete objects. For example; “The color of the apple in my hand is red.” We provide information in the form of perception through the act of perception. Our sense organs work together in the realization of the act of perception. Color, shape, arrangement, smell, etc. of objects. We know by the act of perception.
The act of thinking does not only include visible, tangible (concrete) entities. It also includes abstract entities such as numbers, concepts, geometric shapes. The act of perception establishes a link between man and the outside world. The act of thinking, on the other hand, includes both the external world and the intellectual world (numbers, concepts, etc.). That is, the act of thinking encompasses all areas of existence. Everything around us belongs to the realm of existence and can be known by perception scarf. Things that belong to the realm of ideal existence, such as numbers, geometric shapes, algebraic equations, can only be grasped by the act of thinking. For example; Knowing that the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is 180 degrees is an act of thinking.
With the act of understanding, the subject comprehends the purpose for which an actual event is done. The act of understanding is the purely intuitive or mental grasp of truth. The subject can grasp or understand the being in reality. Since the act of understanding involves grasping the whole truth, it can be intuitive or mental. For example, looking into someone’s eyes and understanding that they are sad from the sadness in their eyes can be possible with the act of understanding.
It provides a step-by-step understanding of the subject’s knowledge of the object with reasons, justifications or evidence. A description is a logical type of information and contains a sequence that goes from the first information about something to the last information step by step. For example, we use the act of explanation when specifying the knowledge of the falling of the stone thrown into the air by the law of gravity. It enables the subject to give step-by-step information about the object with reasons, reasons or evidence. The explanation is a logical type of information and follows a path from the first information about something to the last information. For example; It’s like explaining the state of an object thrown into water.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım