What is Antinomy, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
The set of contradictions that reason has to fall into in order to analyze the absolute is called antinomy.
Antinomy is a term of Kant. According to Kant, it is the whole of contradictions that the mind falls into, which goes beyond the sense and perception data, that is, the sensory world and tries to know the absolute.
Antinomy is the state in which the theoretical mind falls because of its own structure. Theoretical reason runs into contradiction when it attempts to justify the existence of these ideas by reduction to the absurd. In the end, he is in a position to accept that such an idea both exists and does not exist, that is, a thesis about this idea and its antithesis at the same time. Antinomy is this situation where the theoretical mind falls, and it is a situation that the theoretical mind cannot accept.
When the mind wants to learn about the absolute existence of God, the universe or the soul beyond the world of sense, it just as easily puts forward these diametrically opposed arguments and seems like proofs. But this situation shows that the mind cannot acquire sound knowledge about the absolute, that is, about metaphysical matters.
According to the German thinker Kant, all propositions in the field of absolute are contradictory. Because experiments cannot be done on these propositions, so their counterparts can be asserted with the same force. Cosmological proofs based on puns can be put forward for both opposing propositions. Kant attributes a certain unknowability to the subject as well as to the object, which he calls such cosmological propositions as the antinomies of pure reason and sums them up in the four main antinomies.
The antinomy of quantity: “The universe is finite – the universe is unlimited.”
Qualitative antagonism: “Matter is made of indivisible atoms—matter is infinitely divisible.”
Relational antinomy: “Everything is necessarily related—nothing is necessarily related.”
Modality antinomy: “There is a necessary being that is the cause of the universe—the cause of the universe is not a necessary being.”
According to Kant, since the immediate sensory experience cannot exceed the limits, the counter-argument of such propositions that are outside of the sensory experience can be proved with the same certainty as the assertion, in this case, both the argument and the counter-argument must be considered true, which is a contradiction.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım