What Is Atheism, What Does It Mean?

What Is Atheism, What Does It Mean?

June 29, 2021 Off By Felso

It is possible to answer the question of what is atheism as follows: Atheism is a philosophical thought movement that rejects metaphysical beliefs against all Gods and spiritual beings and does not accept to explain the existing reality through belief.

Atheism is the view that denies the existence of God. According to atheists, it is an absolute truth that God does not exist. According to atheism, the soul, life after death, etc. any metaphysical belief must be denied. In this context, atheism is the opposite of theism, which accepts God as spiritual beings.

The philosophical foundations of atheism are based on materialism and, to some extent, skepticism.


Although atheists are sometimes referred to as “atheistic”, this nomenclature is not accepted by atheists as it refers to the idea of ​​rejecting an existing God. Atheism rejects belief conditioning, imaginary creatures and events. From the atheist point of view, besides God, all metaphysical beliefs and all spiritual beings are rejected.

The existence of religions, the definition of religions, whether religions are good or bad are beyond the subject of atheism and the field of discussion. Since atheism rejects all kinds of metaphysics, it naturally rejects the metaphysical dimensions of religions that base itself on metaphysical elements. In other words, the atheist attitude is not a stance against religions in particular, but a stance against all metaphysical beliefs in general.

Even though atheism is often identified with “religion”, in some Far Eastern religions such as Buddhism, there is no God in the sense of “creator”. In this respect, atheism and irreligion do not exactly coincide. When we look at deist movements, it is seen that there is belief in God but religions are not accepted.


Atheism; From theism that accepts a creative and interventionist god, deism that accepts a creative but non-interventionist god, an all-encompassing immanent God or pantheism that the universe or nature is the same as God, and that God is both the universe itself and beyond (transcendent) from panentheism, which argues that also from agnosticism, which leaves questions about the existence and non-existence of God unanswered as “unanswerable”; He is distinguished by his “absolute rejection” of God.


An atheist is a person who accepts all of the gods that people claim and accept have existed throughout history as imaginary. Atheism is not a belief; Therefore, an atheist is not a representative of a belief. The atheist, as it is often misunderstood, is not a God denier; because “to deny” means to deny something that exists. However, according to atheists, since there is no god, it will not be possible to “deny” him.

Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook