What Is Biology, What Does It Mean?June 29, 2021
It is possible to answer the question of what is biologicalism as follows: Biology is the way of definition followed by the 20th century scholars who tried not to make sense of human within the narrow and narrow definition of human being in the materialism of the 19th, 18th and 17th centuries and who tried to save man to some extent from this dry and petrified materialism framework.
Biology is a philosophical view that argues that all of the physiological and psychological characteristics of human beings stem from their nobility and originality, that human beings are formed in a highly developed complex tissue and body, and that everyone lives according to the laws of biology.
It is true that the level of biologicism is superior to both materialism and naturalism, and it regards man as superior to a normal natural or material phenomenon; but it still denies that man is a free, conscious being. When I say “I” I become an unconscious and necessary toy of my own biological characteristics. So I’m not there.
In this approach, for example, thin people are smart people, while fat people are caring people. So, if a person is wise, it is not a feature of him, but the work of his weight. Nor do we need to be grateful to anyone who is kind and generous; because this feature also belongs to his stomach and is not a part of his personality, the form of his biological structure has pushed him to be like that. That’s why he can’t actually approach us with love.
Although biologicism claimed to treat man at a much higher level than it did in the 19th century, it denied religion’s goal of God-like man.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Year 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook; “The Four Dungeons of Man” Ali Shariati