What is Chemistry, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
The science that studies the effects of molecules on each other and the compounds resulting from these effects… One of the most important fields of human knowledge is chemistry. The ‘thing-in-itself’, which metaphysics considered unknowable for centuries, is the chemical composition of a body’s molecules (and its quantum structure, N.). “One day, of course, we will understand organic life. For now, we are still far from knowing the compositions of albuminous bodies. But organic life, from its lowest to its highest forms, is nothing but the normal mode of existence of albuminous bodies.
Chemistry is the science of changing the qualities of bodies as a result of varying combinations of quantities. Natural evolution and revolution are very clearly seen in chemical compounds. For example, oxygen is a compound of two atoms in a molecule, if you add one more atom to it, you get ozone as a brand new substance.
The founders of dialectical and historical materialist philosophy were closely interested in chemistry, which is the basis of natural sciences along with physics. Friedrich Engels, in Dialectics of Nature, says: “The extraordinary rapid development of chemistry since Lavoisier and Dalton has loaded on old ideas about nature in another way. The making of the inorganic mixture, which hitherto produced only in the living organism, proved that the laws of chemistry apply to inorganic beings as well as organic beings, and bridged the gap between inorganic and organic nature that Kant considered insurmountable. Introduction), ”We can think of the chemical relationship force as a force of attraction. This force of attraction between carbon and oxygen atoms does as much work in the form of earth’s gravity as it does on a lifted weight.
If the carbon and oxygen atoms are thrown towards each other and combine in the form of carbonic acid, the newly formed particles of carbonic acid must be in the most violent molecular movement, namely heat movement. If they have subsequently given heat to their surroundings, it means that in carbonic acid all the carbon, oxygen, and also the relational power of both continue to exist as before. But this relationship now manifests itself only in the fact that the carbon and oxygen atoms are tightly bound together and do not allow them to separate” (Ibid, quoting Helmholtz in the chapter on fundamental forms of motion).
The periodic system of elements explained by Mendeleev, the transformation (transmutation) of chemical elements into each other, confirmed the basic claims of the dialectical and historical materialist doctrine on the diversity and infinite changeability of matter, and uprooted the metaphysics view of unchanging and eternal elements in nature. Especially the British chemist John Dalton’s discoveries of atomistics have proved many dialectical materialist claims. “The father of modern chemistry is Dalton, not Lavoisier,” says Engels.