What Is Consciousness, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Consciousness is the sum of the mental processes that enable man to understand his environment and himself. In metaphysics, consciousness is a power independent of man and given to man, universal or divine.
What is Consciousness?
The phenomenon of consciousness is the product of people’s lifestyles. So obviously consciousness reflects the way people live. But consciousness is not just a simple mirror that only reflects, it is an active force that has entered the dialectic with its appearance. “One thinks differently in a palace than in a hut.” But the idea of the palace, which arises from the palace conditions, also affects and changes the palace conditions. One of the two ends of the dialectical rope is action (practice) and the other is consciousness (theory). Various misunderstandings and comments arise from not being able to hold both ends of this rope.
What is Consciousness?
Human initiative (Fr. Initiative) takes place with consciousness, human can dominate those events with his consciousness consisting of events. In pre-scientific philosophy, the way people lived was explained by the way they thought, whereas the way they thought was the result of the way they lived. It was only after man became conscious of this scientifically that he began to change his way of life with his conscious activity. The only difference between animal effort, which can change nothing, and human effort, which can change everything, is that human effort is conscious. “Nothing happens without a conscious purpose, a desired goal.”
Consciousness also enables people to realize, perceive and comprehend the things that surround them, wanting and doing what they want as they do. The older the consciousness, the older the language. Language is the very ‘practical consciousness’ that exists for others and therefore actually exists for me. Language, like consciousness, arose from the necessity of relating to others. Where there is a relationship, there is something human. The animal has no relation at all, the relation of the animal to others is not a relation for him. So consciousness is a social product from the beginning and will remain so as long as people exist.
So there can be no human consciousness outside the human community. Thought, the product of consciousness, cannot exist outside of language, which is its material skeleton. Therefore, consciousness is formed on the basis of language from the very first moment. Science has particularly drawn attention to the fact that the advent of speech transforms the monkey brain into a human brain by gradually raising awareness.
Consciousness in Idealism
According to idealism, which is included in the metaphysical thinking system, consciousness is a separate and independent power from matter. The thoughtfulness based on this argument begins with the Ancient Greek philosopher Anaxagoras. Anaxagoras thought of a universal reason under the name of nus (Nous) and put it in opposition to matter. In the words of Aristotle, “Anaxagoras said that nus is the creator and matter is the created. Because when everything was together, nus came and arranged it.”
This understanding ends in Hegel, who passes through Descartes, who regards consciousness and matter as completely separate things, and makes it universal. According to Hegel, first there was a universal consciousness and all nature is the product of this universal consciousness. At the end of its dialectical evolution, nature will reach this consciousness again and will recognize itself and evolution will thus come to an end.
(What is Idealism?)
Consciousness in Materialism
The materialist movement, which is opposed to the idealist movement and started with the Ancient Greek thinker Democritus, ends up with the pre-scientific materialists, who are called vulgar or vulgar materialism, when they identify consciousness with matter. According to them, “the brain releases consciousness just as the liver releases bile.” This conclusion, as wrong as the fallacy of the idealist movement, was due to the fact that the pre-scientific materialists adhered to the one-sided metaphysical thinking system.
(What is Materialism?)
Consciousness in Dialectical Idealism
Man’s thought, emotion, will, character, excitement, understanding, opinion, intuition, etc. It is the sum of all mental processes. It is the reflector of objective reality in man. The material is a property of the human brain. First there was the material nature. Natural evolution has evolved into man and consciousness. Consciousness is, of course, a natural product, that is, a material product, but it cannot be differentiated or identiﬁed with matter. As a matter of fact, the child is the product of his mother, but he is not the same as his mother. Consciousness is a additive product and is tightly dependent on language. Without language, there is no consciousness. Because language is practical consciousness realized for others. Humanization, which started with the handing of the forelegs of the animal and the use of the hands with labor, passed through the phenomenon of compulsory socialization and created the phenomenon of language-consciousness.
(What is Dialectical Idealism?)
Consciousness in Metaphysics
In metaphysics, consciousness is a power independent of man and given to man, universal or divine. According to idealism, which is included in the metaphysical thinking system, consciousness is a separate and independent power from matter. The idealism based on this argument begins with the ancient Greek thinker Anaxagoras. Anaxagoras thought of a universal reason under the name of nus and used it as matter.