What Is Contradiction, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
The exclusion of two concepts or judgments. Do not contradict each other, do not contradict each other.
The developer movement of opposition that realizes being. In the language of logic, the term contradiction expresses the interconnected state of two concepts, propositions, judgments or theories that negate each other. They are in conflict with each other, and they cannot be both wrong and both right at the same time.
For example, the propositions “Ahmet is smart-Ahmet is stupid” are contradictory, if it is true that Ahmet is smart, it is definitely wrong that he is stupid. Or if it’s wrong that he’s stupid, it must be true that he’s smart. However, this is the case when we isolate Ahmet from his concrete life, that is, separate him from all his movements and changes, and make a concept, proposition, judgment, or theorizing. Otherwise, in his concrete life, Ahmet may be wise in one event and unwise in another, and his wiseness also includes his wiseness. In a dialectical sense, Ahmet’s mind develops in contradiction with irrationality.
The ‘logical contradiction’ peculiar to the field of abstract thinking and the ‘dialectical contradiction’ peculiar to the concrete life field should not be confused with each other. The dialectical contradiction, which is peculiar to the concrete life field, expresses that, on the contrary of the logical contradiction peculiar to the abstract thinking field, everything also includes its opposite, it is the universal development law of both thought and existence. In dialectical language this is called the ‘contradiction principle’ or the law of contradiction.
Contradiction in the logical sense is the criterion for inconsistent thinking. In order to think coherently, it is necessary to free thought from logical contradictions. In other words, our concepts, propositions, judgments or theories must be non-contradictory so that our thinking can be true and consistent (abstract contradictions and concrete contradictions must be compatible. N.). Thought operating with contradictory concepts, propositions, judgments or theories is wrong and inconsistent.
The logical contradiction found its first expression in the ‘principle of non-contradiction’ or ‘law of contradiction’ shaped by the ancient Greek thinker Aristotle. This principle or law, which has undergone many scholastic and metaphysical revisions, was applied to living beings by Hegel in the 19th century. According to Hegel, the source of all life is not contradiction, as Aristotle suggested, but contradiction. However, Hegel limits this very correct argument to the conceptualization of the living being, saying that “it is the thinking mind that sharpens the diversity and distinction of things in contradiction.” This drive forward is the necessary consequence of Hegel’s idealist understanding.
Historical and dialectical materialism has placed this idealist argument of Hegel on its material basis and has clearly displayed its natural and social essence. In reality, it is nature and society, not concepts, that develop through contradictions (this is what Hegel means N.). Concepts are reflected in this objective (natural and social) development. “The movement itself is a contradiction. Simple mechanics is a change of space, a contradiction, as well as even more so for movements of matter in higher forms (especially the development of organic life). Life consists of contradiction. Everything that lives is both itself and not-itself at every moment. It is a contradiction that occurs every moment, that is constantly renewed and resolved. As soon as the conflict is over, life ends and death comes. “Differential and integral in mathematics, motion and counter motion in mechanics (action-reaction N.), plus electricity and minus electricity in physics, union and separation of atoms in chemistry prove the universality of contradiction”.