What is Creative Evolution?July 2, 2021
The teaching of Henri Bergson, who asserted that evolution occurs only through qualitative changes. The French philosopher Henri Bergson (1859-1941), in his work titled ‘Creative Evolution’ published in 1907, argued that evolution only takes place through qualitative changes. This idea, which is in opposition to Spencer’s vulgar evolutionism, who finds evolution to consist only of quantitative changes, aims to bring the theory of evolution into a new metaphysical impasse.
According to Bergson, development has a creative character and cannot be explained by natural causes. So there must be a creative force that governs evolution. Qualitatively, change is a creation. Creation requires a creator…. Creative evolution theory is the last stage of metaphysical resistance to the fact of evolution. Metaphysical thought had previously completely denied evolution. Beings were the product of a creation and kept their form unchanged at the time of their creation, in other words, they still were and always will be as they were created.
Metaphysical thought, in its second phase, had to submit to the fact of evolution (in the face of scientific data N.); however, he began to discuss how evolution happened and how it should be understood.
The third stage emerged by arguing that evolution took place only by quantitative (quantitative) accumulations (vulgar evolutionism).
The fourth stage emerged by arguing that evolution takes place only qualitatively (qualitatively) without any quantitative change, and that this is a work of creation (creative evolution)…
In the 1920s, a new idealistic conception of evolution was put forward under the English word emergent evolution, which can be translated as ‘exposure evolution’, to cloud the dialectical materialism’s understanding of evolution and to lure stagnant minds to a new field. According to this evolution theory, put forward by the neorealistic English thinker Lloyd Morgan and followed by Samuel Alaxander and others, evolution takes place with a divine plan. According to this theory, humans are also qualitatively different from animals, not only the organic realm, but also the inorganic realm is formed with this plan. For example, the properties of the atom cannot be deduced from the properties of the elements that make up the atom. Every developing unity brings to the surface a brand new feature that is not found in the parts that compose it. According to this idealist understanding, which is also related to the understanding of structuralism, the universe is composed of immaterial time-space, and matter is the product of this immateriality. This new idealism is included in the neorealism movement and is so outdated that it advocates reincarnation.