What is Cyclic Motion Theory?July 1, 2021
The Cyclic Theory of Motion is the theory put forward by the idealist German philosopher Oswald Spengler to support conservatism and reactionism. This theory argues that every movement is turned on itself and ends where it started, making no progress. The cyclical motion keeps repeating endlessly, and the universe is as it was in the past, so it is today, and so it will be tomorrow (it came and went).
The British historian idealist Toynbee, who shares the same opinion, puts forward the argument that “History is a repetition”. Idealist Spengler and Toynbee try to deny evolution and spiral development, ignoring that the new spring is not the same spring and the newborn human being is not the dying human. Another idealist thinker, the German thinker Leopold von Wiese, did not hesitate to explain the purpose of the theory: “Do not try to change the situation you are in, because you will come to a more backward point.”
According to this theory, which is completely contrary to scientific data, the human being, who evolved from the stone age to the atomic age, and who did not have a vehicle to get on in the past, reached the moon by plane while walking on foot, but regressed. Science, on the other hand, confirms the opposite of this theory, not cyclical motion, but spiral motion and thus endless and continuous development. Every ending produces a higher beginning, not the same beginning.
The cyclical theory of motion is refuted every day more and more by science that is advancing, not regressing, as is the case with every reactionary doctrine that advocates backwardness. An understanding of progressive development that continues according to objective laws is the most valuable knowledge that science has given to man. It is unscientific lightness to say that one can do today what one could not do yesterday, not to advance but to regress.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım