What is Development, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Progress from simple to complex, from lower to higher. Development or development is one of the most important concepts that dialectical and historical materialist philosophy explains its true meaning. Nature, society and consciousness in the universe; In a word, everything improves. The development, governed by the general laws of dialectic, is a spontaneous process of motion as a result of the inner tendencies of objects and events.
The upper is the development of the lower, the complex is the development of the simple. The end of each development stage is the beginning of a new development stage. The development, governed by the law of unity and war of opposites, the law of transition from quantity to quality, and the law of the negation of negation, is the product of the inner movements of objects and events, not given from outside. Development is material, and the development of all nature has continued up to human consciousness. Moreover, the various fields of development introduce specific laws of their own, such as the law of contradiction between the productive forces and the relations of production that ensure social development.
These special laws work together with the three general laws of dialectic, which are valid in every field of development. For example, the special law of contradiction between the productive forces and the relations of production in social development contains the three general laws of dialectic; it realizes the unity and war of opposites, provides the transition from quantity to quality, negates negation. The development is helical (helix, spiral); It happens by repeating what happens at the lower level, at the higher level, in a more perfected way. For example, a student learns more competently in the upper class than in the lower class.
Development always constitutes a new “enriched” in Hegel’s words, which also includes the positive aspects of the old. Development is also expressed in the broad term evolution. In the narrow sense, that is, in the sense of quantitative accumulation, evolution and revolution are two closely interdependent aspects of development. For development to take place, first quantitative accumulation (evolution) and then qualitative change (revolution) are required. Quantitative accumulations are followed by ‘gradual’ quality change and quality change by new quantitative accumulations. This is how development continues.