What is Distributive Justice?June 28, 2021
Distributive justice is “a type of justice that envisages the distribution of money and things that can be distributed in this way (glory, honor, title, wealth and other things of economic value) among the members of the society in accordance with everyone’s ability and status in the society” (Balı 2001: 85). ).
Distributive justice takes the principle of equality as its criterion, but this is not an unconditional equality. What is meant by the unconditional is to treat everyone equally under all circumstances. According to Aristotle, this situation creates injustice. Instead of treating the unequal equally, it would be fair to treat the equals equally and the unequal differently.
But who will behave differently to whom and according to what? First of all, it should be emphasized that the application area of distributive justice is the public sphere, and the state appears as the implementer of this justice. What a state that adopts distributive justice should do is “to allocate their share of the blessings and burdens according to their situation and abilities in the society” (Balı 2001, p. 86). Likewise, determining the duties of individuals towards the state according to their abilities and social positions is a requirement of Aristotelian distributive justice (Guriz 2001, p. 8).
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook