What Is Dogmatism, What Does It Mean?June 29, 2021
Dogmatism is a term that can be considered in two different senses and fields. Dogmatism is an understanding that considers ideas and principles put forward by religion or authorities without seeking evidence, without examining them. At the same time, dogmatism is a philosophical view that suggests that knowledge is definitely possible when it comes to the possibility of knowledge, and that people can reach solid and precise knowledge.
Dogmatism, which is basically a scholastic understanding, names the teachings and understandings that deny change and development today. Especially all metaphysical teachings are dogmatic teachings.
In the philosophical circle, skeptical thinkers have called philosophers who are not their own, who do not think like them, as dogmatics. From this point of view, we can say that the approach against skepticism, that is, the view that claims that knowledge is possible, is called dogmatism.
Dogmatism is the name of both the view that advocates the possibility of knowledge in a philosophical sense and the stubborn nature of the medieval Scholastic understanding.
As we mentioned, dogmatism generally means believing blindly on the basis of personal inclinations, without the slightest criticism of certain teachings; Although it is used in the sense of adopting them without question, in epistemology, that is, in the philosophy of knowledge, it is the name given to the philosophy current that defends the claim that the human mind can have objective knowledge of the existence itself and the first causes of existence.
When used in the sense of believing blindly, bullying occurs as a necessary result of dogmatism. For example, in the Middle Ages, the rules that could not be proved by experiments were tried to be proved by the tortures of the Inquisition. Cruelism has reached the point of believing that the innocent will not burn even if thrown into the fire. From this, it was concluded that the person who was burned when thrown into the fire was guilty.
WHAT IS DOGMATIC? WHO IS CALLED DOGMATIC?
All arguments outside the field of experiment must be dogmatic. This necessity started from the word of God and generalized to the word of Aristotle.
In philosophy, those who argue that knowledge is possible are also called dogmatic. The word “dogmatic” is not only considered as the mental attitude of a person who “blindly defends a belief, is prejudiced”, which is understood from it in everyday language, but also in a philosophical sense, it is a philosophical understanding that suggests that the human mind can acquire accurate and precise information about existence.
In a philosophical sense, dogmaticians claim that man can know the knowledge of reality that exists independently of himself. Dogmaticians also have different views on where knowledge comes from (reason, experiment, both reason and experiment, intuition, fact, utility, etc.).
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Year 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook