What Is Enlightenment, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
It is the return of man to his humanity, enlightenment.
Enlightenment is a metaphysical concept in its classical sense, pursuing the aim of arranging society with human reason and nature. However, the war of the enlighteners with metaphysics, faith and scholasticism has been beneficial for humanity to move towards real enlightenment. Relying on and relying on reason gradually led to reason’s grasp of objective laws. The concept was coined by the German thinker Immanuel Kant, “What is Enlightenment?” described in his work. The tendency to know without believing is the strongest aspect of metaphysical enlightenment.
Philosophy historians speak of two enlightenments in the classical sense. One of them is the ancient enlightenment that took place in ancient Greece, the second is the 18th century enlightenment. However, the real enlightenment took place in the second half of the 19th century with the explanation of dialectical and historical materialism. It is only then that man has scientifically and clearly understood himself, his place in the universe, what he is, what will happen, what he can do. The person who has been alienated from himself has only started to return to his humanity again for that time.