What is Environment, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
All of the beings with the events that a living being relates.
The environment expresses external factors in the determination of any being, it includes ‘external contradictions’ in a dialectical sense. For example, an environmental temperature is required for a chick to hatch from an egg. However, this environmental heat cannot chick a piece of stone. In order for the environment to be effective, ‘internal contradictions’ are also necessary.
For example, if Beethoven did not grow up around a musician, but in a village, he could be a farmer, not a music master, but the musical environment that raised Beethoven cannot make a person without inner talent a music master. As a matter of fact, if the egg cannot find the required environmental temperature, it cannot chick.
The term environment is also the precursor of the French scholar Lamarck (1744-1829), the founder of transformationalism. Lamarck, in his famous work Le Philosophie Zoologique, argued that animal species were formed from a single species, changed by the force of the environment. It was the necessity of adapting to the environment that differentiated one species and produced many species. This adaptation (Fr. Adaptation) both changed the habits of the species and altered the duties of its various organs. Traits of a species could only be inherited in suitable environments, or environmental changes would necessitate species changes.
Thus, the influence of the environment created new species from old species. Lamarck says “need creates organs” and suggested that for example, the giraffe had a long neck in order to eat the leaves of the trees in an environment with high trees. Despite his idealistic views, Lamarck has the honor of pioneering the theory of evolution with his work published in 1809. At the same time, he has the honor of opposing the creativity theory of Cuvier and Linne, which was very influential in his time (according to this theory, for example, the cat was created as a cat and will remain a cat forever) and to shake this metaphysical dreaminess. Fifty years later, Lamarck’s ‘environment’ and ‘heredity’ arguments were developed and scientifically developed by the great English scholar Charles Darwin…
In addition, the idealist views put forward by the 19th century French thinkers A. Comte and H. Taine about the great influence of the environment on people are called ‘environmental theory’.