What is Everyday Knowledge?June 26, 2021
Everyday knowledge, as the name suggests, is the type of knowledge that is valid and gained in daily life, and that emerges with the idea of meeting the practical needs of people in the easiest and shortest way.
The individual lives in two worlds, natural and social. The individual uses his senses and perceptions while obtaining information about the beings in these two worlds. If the individual has obtained this information directly according to his own perceptions and intuitions without relying on any cause-effect relationship or method, such information is called everyday information.
Everyday information is information that has a functional aspect that an individual uses in his daily life. Although everyday information has validity, accuracy and features that make life easier within its own criteria, it does not qualify as scientific knowledge because it is based on subjective perceptions and intuitions. In other words, it does not include generalizations based on results based on everyday knowledge, reason and experimentation. In this respect, everyday knowledge does not have objective, observational, experimental, cause-effect related and generally accepted features.
EXAMPLES OF DAILY INFORMATION
Since the beginning of human existence, people have made their lives easier by using everyday information.
For example, although they could not explain why wood floats without sinking, as a result of many times observing and experiencing that wood can float in water, they built wooden boats using the unsinkable property of wood, they crossed rivers, lakes and seas with these boats, adding practical value to their lives.
Observing with daily experience that wood does not sink in water, mankind has produced sandals based on this knowledge.
In another example, “Green apples are sour” by observing or experiencing a few times that a green apple is sour. have reached the generalization. The knowledge put forward in this generalization is also everyday knowledge.
In everyday knowledge, people reach some generalizations through trial and error.
If we look at another example, for example, “Chamomile tea is good for cough.” We reach knowledge as a result of these observations and experiences. Neither the person who consumes the tea nor the person who recommends consuming the tea knows why chamomile tea is good for cough; but there is information that chamomile tea is good for cough, and this information is a daily knowledge because it benefits both learning and practical life.
Let’s reinforce the subject with another example: A person observes that it rains as a result of the condensation of the clouds and the darkening of the air. Here, when a person observes that it is getting dark and the clouds are getting denser, he learns that he has to take his umbrella and go outside. This is an example of everyday knowledge.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and “Introduction to Sociology” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)