What Is Existential Marxism, What Does It Mean?

What Is Existential Marxism, What Does It Mean?

June 27, 2021 Off By Felso

According to Sartre, Marxism can and should be evaluated essentially with an existentialist logic. Contrary to the claims of theorist tendencies such as Marxism, structuralism, it is essentially Humanist; Marxism is humanism, says Sartre.

In the Critique of Dialectical Reason, Sartre compares existentialism with Marxism and states that Marxism “has an insurmountable philosophical horizon of our age”. According to Sartre, there is a Descartes and Locke period, a Kant and Hegel period, and finally a Marx period. All of these representatives represent the historical horizon of an entire culture, and Marx is the most perfect of them. He firmly proposes Marxism as a historical perspective and says that “the only valid interpretation of human history” is Marxism or Dialectical Materialism. “At least for our time,” says Sartre, “Marxism is insurmountable.”

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook