What is Existential Marxism?July 1, 2021
Existential Marxism stems from the connection that Jean-Paul Sartre established between existential philosophy and Marxism. In addition, there are relations between phenomenology-related existentialism and Marxism. At this point, it is necessary to mention Maurice Merleau-Ponty. His writings, collected under the title of “The Adventures of Dialectic”, especially show his Marxist perspective.
Sartre insists on Marxism as well as existentialist. His statement that “Marxism is the horizon of our age” shows his general attitude on this point. Sartre not only had an interactive relationship with Marxism, but also said that he saw Marxism itself as an existentialism.
Sartre shapes his existential philosophy by positioning himself according to Marxism.
However, it is known that Sartre’s Marxism has a critical evaluation. Sartre shapes his existentialist philosophy by positioning it according to Marxism. In the sense of structuralism, Marxism is an unacceptably abstract and mechanical theory for Sartre. For him, Marxism is important as a theory in which the Subject matters.
This Marxism is an existentialist Marxism, and its meaning is primarily because, according to Sartre, both tendencies are embodied on the basis of Humanism. Man has to make his own decision in abandonment, and only with this decision and action will he be able to establish himself as a humanist being. The Marxism Sartre understands is Marxism based on the thought of man making history with his own practice. From here, Sartre’s relationship with Marxism takes shape.
In his “Method Studies”, Sartre evaluates the relations between Marxism and Existentialism (also with a kind of reckoning) and discusses that existential Marxism can think and evaluate both the individual and history together. in question.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım