What is Existentialism (Existentialism) in Educational Philosophy and What Does It Mean?June 29, 2021
The understanding of existentialism of the philosophy of education is based on the understanding of philosophical existentialism. Existentialists care and trust people. According to them, a person should decide for himself what to do in his life.
This philosophical approach focuses on the difference between human beings and other living things in terms of existence. In man, existence precedes existence; man first exists and then creates himself with his free will based on choosing his own essence (See: Existence precedes essence.). It sees each person as a unique and unique being and attaches importance to human subjectivity.
The element that this philosophy wants to bring to education is “Human Freedom”. Education should allow the person to know his/her own real characteristics. School programs should help “develop personalities”. The task of the teacher is to help the person to know himself. In teaching, the person should be given the opportunity to find the truth and choose his own truths by giving different options.
The main purpose of existential education is to increase freedoms. To provide opportunities to develop the individuality of the child. For this reason, it is important to make a person an independent, free person above the influence of his environment, family, even school and teacher. Education is necessary for freedom.
According to existentialism, the purpose of education is to provide the individual with the opportunity to develop his or her individuality by teaching that human freedom is above all else. Since existentialism is characterized as a philosophy movement that gives importance to human freedoms and leaves the choice of freedom and responsibility to people, it has spread especially among young people. In order to better understand this trend, you can read the book called “Dead Poets Association” or watch the movie with the same name.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology, Grade 4 “Sociology of Education” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); prof. Dr. Hüseyin Akyüz – A Research on Basic Concepts and Fields of Sociology of Education; Atatürk University, Department of Sociology, Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)