What is Form, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Matter or space determined by delimitation.
The concept of form in ancient Greek philosophy first gained importance in the philosophy of Anaxagoras. According to Anaxagoras, form is organized matter (Yu. Kosmos) as opposed to unregulated matter (Yu. Chaos) in universal formation. Aristotle must have taken the regulative and perfecting meanings of the famous eidos (form) concept from Anaxagoras. Aristotle uses the phrase in the sense of all the attributes of the object and in opposition to matter and content.
According to him, the first matter (Yu. Prota hyle) is formless and is only a force (Yu. Dynamis); it is the form (Yu. Eidos) that transforms it into dim (Yu. Energeia) and makes it appear and competent. Form is the realization of matter, the realization of the unreal. The formless matter is realized in a way. In other words, the fabric is shaped into trousers, jackets, curtains, and tablecloths. Every being in the universe is matter that has taken form. This means that every being has a substance and a form. Matter is form in power. Thus, every being is the substance of a more perfect being, and every perfect being is the form of a less perfect being.
In dialectical materialist logic, form is the structure of the content (essence) and is not its opposite, as was thought until our century, but on the contrary, it is tightly dependent on it. Form and content (essence) can only exist together, there can be no formless essence and no essenceless form. In this dependency, the content (essence) is fundamental and form is secondary. Because it is the essence that is decisive, the contradictions of the essence develop it, and the developing essence affects and changes its form according to its new changes. Although the form is created by the essence, it is in a mutual influence relationship with its creator (essence and N.). Just as the same essence can develop in various forms, the same form can structure various essences. A very important piece of information revealed by dialectical materialism in this regard is that form is not an essential exteriority, but a real part of the essence insofar as it represents the inner structure of it.