What is Formalism and What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
It is possible to answer the question of what is formalism or formalism as follows: Formalism or formalism is the general name of the teachings that prioritize form or form over essence.
It is possible to see the understanding of formalism in the logic and metaphysics of the ancient Greek thinker Aristotle, the moral philosophy of the German thinker Kant, and the aesthetics of the German philosopher Herbart.
The view that “art is for art” in the field of art is also a formalist view; because it prioritizes artistic formalism over intellectual essence. According to this idea, art is form. Herbart also finds beauty in aesthetics. Bourgeois society’s understanding of abstract art, cubism, surrealism, dadaism, purism, fauvism etc. Almost all art movements are formalists and deny the essential nature of art and favor form.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım