What is Galenicism? What Does Galenism Mean?July 1, 2021
Galenism or Galenism describes a philosophical tradition that also means the philosophy of medicine. According to Galenos, who is considered the greatest physician of the Ancient Age after Hippocrates (the Arabs call Galenos Calinus, whom they consider the greatest physician authority), the animal spirit determined by God is a substance that pervades all parts of the body. Galenos interpreted medicine in terms of philosophical purpose and was considered the founder of the philosophy of medicine. The term Galenism, which is used as Galenism in our language with its Turkish spelling, expresses the philosophy of medicine.
Galenos is a spiritualist and expresses the concept of soul with the concepts of psykhikon or pneuma. These terms were translated into Latin as the animal spirit. According to Galenos, the body, in which every particle of this spirit covers, was created according to a certain purpose by God. The blood consists of nutrients in the liver, gains the power to nourish the tissues with the natural spirit taken from the liver, passes through the black blood vessels to the right side of the heart and from there passes through the invisible holes on the wall to the left heart, receives the vital spirit in the left heart and spreads throughout the body, goes to the brain There, too, the animal spirit, in which it receives the animal spirit and leaves the blood at the end of this circulation, transmits motion, emotion, etc., all over the body, through nerves. It has been suggested by Galenos that he performed physiological tasks such as
William Harvey, in his work De Motu Cordis, writes that Galenos’ discovery of blood circulation is just one finger away. This spiritism of Galenos has dominated him for centuries among religious and metaphysicianists. The dominance of Galenos medicine and philosophy of medicine in the west and east, XVI. lasted for a century.