What is General Relativity Theory?July 1, 2021
General Relativity Theory is Einstein’s theory that proves the relativity in the entire structure of the universe. This theory, which universally confirms the dialectical materialist worldview, is the latest and greatest step taken by human intelligence in understanding and explaining the universe.
Albert Einstein (1879-1955), the greatest physicist of human ages, says in summary in this theory:
“The laws of nature are the same for all systems, whatever their state of motion.”
The universal relevance that dialectical materialism asserts with the language of philosophy is thus expressed and demonstrated by the language of physics. Einstein, all of whose achievements came from distrust of dogmas, developed this universal theory within ten years of publishing his particular theory of relativity.
The starting point was Newton’s laws of inertia and gravity. In this theory, Einstein showed that there is no such thing as gravitational force and that gravity consists of following the universe curve, which is the shortest path on the spherical universe, in accordance with the principle of least work. Bertrand Russell describes this physical finding in his ABC of Relativity with the following example for those who do not know physics:
“Suppose you are looking at the world from a balloon in the sky on a dark night. The place you are looking at is a wide plain. You do not see it, but there are villages scattered on the plain, and in the middle of the plain, let’s say, there is a pointed hill that gets steeper as it rises and finally ends in a cliff. it’s just the lights of men with lanterns who go back and forth between the villages with the big lighthouse on this hill. Men with lanterns go back and forth between the villages by the shortest paths.”
“These paths will, of course, be curved paths that will enable you to get behind the hill (that is, require the least work) so as not to climb the hill and fall into the abyss. These curved paths will also be curved roads the closer they get to the top of the hill, the sharper the bends and the farther they go, They will show less sharp bends. You, looking from the balloon, will think that they are avoiding the great light by breaking their path to avoid being burned by the heat of the great light. However, they follow the shortest path to reach the village they are going to without passing the hill. If you take the paths as their orbits, you will understand that, together with Einstein, the sun is on a hill of space-time and that every object chooses the easiest path for itself at every moment, because when the hill of space-time intervenes, this path ceases to be a straight line. In fact, sit down on every lanterned person (i.e. every body in the universe) in our parable There is a space-time hill where
In 1918, in response to his request for his theories to be made public by him, he wrote in the London Times newspaper: “My theory of relativity is like a two-story building. The first floor is the theory of special relativity, and the second floor is the general theory of relativity. The first is the theory of relativity, on which the second theory is built. theory belonged to all physical phenomena other than gravity. The second theory belongs to the law of gravity and its relation to other laws of nature”. Einstein named the areas where the shortest path bending required by the corporeal space-time hills, described in the above analogy, take place, the gravitational field, a phrase similar to Newton’s gravitational phrase. In other words, what is supposed to be a gravitational attraction is actually nothing more than an event of following the shortest path to cross the hill of space-time, which takes place in the area around each object’s space-time peak. In the aforementioned article, Einstein describes this theory, which constitutes the essence of dialectical materialism, as follows: “The general theory of relativity has shown that space-time-motion is not independent of other phenomena of physics. The state and state of objects depend on the gravitational field. The gravitational field is formed with matter. happens”.
It should be remembered that in a letter he wrote to Bentley, Newton said that “gravity is the product of a factor that acts constantly in accordance with some laws. I leave it to the opinion of my readers whether this factor is material or immaterial”, and said that matter (as primitive and eternal as an idea or god). The vast majority, who were keen on immaterialism, with an established habit since Plato, who despised and humiliated (although considered a principle a principle), clung to Newton’s gravitational force in order to prove the existence of the immaterial spirit. Einstein demolishes this illusion with his general theory of relativity. As Einstein proved, there is neither absolute time nor absolute space (space N.). The universe consists of an inextricably united unity of time-space-motion-matter.
Dialectal materialism calls the concept of relatedness, which includes this physical demonstration, universal unity or dependency. In the aforementioned article, Einstein explains the principle on which the general theory of relativity is based: “The special theory of relativity has opened new avenues beyond its own limitations… I do not use a system of coordinates of our own choosing to understand and describe nature.