What is General, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Covering all the homologs and the like of anything… As a term of logic, it is used in opposite meanings to the terms singular, special, and collective. In some places it is synonymous with the term universal (Os. Külli, Fr. Universel). But it should not be confused with the terms fuzzy, unstable, and vague. As a grammatical term, it is synonymous with the genus name. In some places, it is also used instead of the term universal, which is synonymous with the term universal.
It is said that “the unity of opposites is relative and their struggle general.” In this case, the terms relative and provisional have an opposite meaning.
In dialectical and historical materialist philosophy, the general category is tightly dependent on the specific category. Every object has some properties. Our dog is not like any other dog in a way, it is unique in the dog species. But every particular object also carries a generality found in similar objects. Our dog is similar to all dogs in this respect, it is a dog within the dog type, it is because of this generality in its characteristic that we call it a dog. So every particular also includes the general.
Secondly, every general can exist only in and only through the particular. The type of dog that is general to our particular dog does not have all the characteristics of our dog, but only the most general ones. That is why the general is called “the essence of the particular”.
Thirdly, the general and the particular are continually transformed into one another, that what is now particular may become later general, and what is now general later particular. For example, the tail of our ancestors has lost its function and disappeared from our body structure, but occasionally a child with a tail is born due to ancestral heredity, here what was once general has now become special. Against this, for example, horn was a feature of some animals in ancient times, a species of horned animals arose as its utility increased from generation to generation, and here, too, what was once special has now become general. Knowing this dependence of the general and the particular is necessary to make use of them in practice. For example, the scholar Mendeleev also revealed the properties of three unknown elements by examining the general characters of the known elements. These elements, called gallium, scamdium and germanium, were later found with the properties determined by Mendeleev, and it was understood that the general could be deduced from the particular as well as the particular from the general.