What is Goodness, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
The quality of the good… The term evil is its opposite. The word good includes the meanings of useful and profitable in its Turkish root, as well as the meaning of wealth and goods in its Latin root, which is expressed with the word bonum. This etymological study shows that goodness is based on material usefulness.
Indeed, the term has been coined in terms of sociological history by the division of people into those with and without goods. Plato (429-347 BC) says in his work called Laws: “The conditions of the primitive society were not so bad as to force the people of this society into commercial efforts. They were not poor, but they could not be rich either, because they could not hoard either gold or silver. If there is neither wealth nor poverty in a society, it means that there is no good or evil in that society. Because in such a society, there is neither self-esteem, injustice, jealousy, nor envy.
The people of this age were very good people; they were frank, gentle, and truthful, and no law was required of them.” As Plato explains, historical observation proves that the appropriation, which first appears as a goodness, then turns into evil, and in response to this, a brand new goodness emerges in the sense of pitying, protecting and helping. This ethical and metaphysical concept has been defined in various ways by various thinkers. The theological definition summarizes all these metaphysical definitions, according to this definition, goodness in itself is a concept of deity and can only be found in God. It is the strong-weak dichotomy that gives rise to the good-evil dichotomy. If people could remain equal, they would not be able to do evil to each other, nor would they be able to do good in today’s sense.