What is History of Philosophy?June 28, 2021
history of philosophy; it is not to report some events, some life stories, some opinions in a sequential order. The history of philosophy aims to give a correlative account of the different attempts that have been made to solve the problem of existence or to make our world of experience intelligible to us.
It is the story of the development of logical human thought from its earliest beginnings to the present day; It is not merely a chronological ordering and exposition of philosophical theories, but an examination of them in relation to the times in which they were produced and to the thinkers who presented them.
While every thought system is more or less dependent on the civilization in which it was born, on the core structures of previous systems and on the personality of its author, it in turn exerts a secret influence on the understanding and institutions of its age, and by following it. The history of philosophy must strive to place each worldview within its appropriate framework, to relate it to the intellectual, political, moral, social, and religious factors of its present, past, and future. He should also try to trace the course of progress in the history of human speculative thought, to show how the mental attitude called philosophy was born, to show how the various proposed questions and solutions provoked new questions and answers, and to determine what progress was made in each phase.
“The history of philosophy makes it clear that there is only one philosophy in various degrees of development in the various philosophies that have emerged, and that at the same time, the special principles on which a system is based are but branches of one and the same whole. The latest philosophy is the result of all previous philosophies and all of them must cover its principles. Hegel
Philosophical systems are not products of mere mental activity in a personal, historical and cultural vacuum; on the contrary, they are the achievements of individual philosophical geniuses, reflecting not only the temperament and personality of their authors, but similarly the cultural, historical and philosophical environment in which they live. Each system is the convergence point of numerous influences that determine both its doctrinal importance and its structural organization. Some of these influences are purely intellectual and philosophical.
The idea that philosophy is a reflection of personal thought has been heavily defended in the first part of William James’s pragmatism. James writes, “The history of philosophy is within the scope of human formation.” he said. Personal differences are one of the main determinants not only in the field of philosophy, but also in fields such as literature, art and politics.
The history of philosophy shows the development of the philosophical problematic and comprehends the logical order of this development. Henceforth, the history of philosophy itself is a discipline of philosophy. History of philosophy to us; It shows what philosophy is and what role philosophy has in the development of human consciousness and culture. However, the history of philosophy is to philosophize on philosophy.
Since the time of Socrates, history has witnessed many great philosophers. You can find most of them on our website’s Philosophers. A philosophy site can take a historical approach to the issue, list the philosophers in question chronologically, and examine their contributions to philosophy. We tried to do the same. Rather than an approach that turns to history and focuses on specific philosophical questions, we approached the issue in a historical context.
The history of philosophy is an impressive and important field in itself; moreover, many of the classics of philosophy are also great works of literature: Plato’s Socratic dialogues, Rene Descartes’ Meditations, David Hume’s “An Inquiry into Human Understanding” and Nietzsche’s “So Spoke Zarathustra”. As can be understood, all such works, by any standard, are of interest. Although working on the history of philosophy is of great importance, our goal here is to explain the history of philosophy to you in a simple way.
Any serious study of philosophy involves a combination of historical and subject-based work; because not knowing the arguments and mistakes of previous philosophers means that the hope of making a fundamental contribution to the subject disappears. Without knowledge of history, philosophers could never progress: they kept repeating the same mistakes, unaware that they had been made before. In addition, many philosophers develop their own theory by seeing the flaws in the work of their predecessors. However, on a web page like this, it is possible, albeit partially, to do justice to the intricate work of each original thinker. The Resources cited after each chapter will help to look at the issues discussed here from a broader, historical perspective. For this reason, please first review our headings below and then our Resources under each of these headings.
HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
Ancient Greek Philosophy
History of Hellenistic Philosophy (Hellenism)
History of Medieval Philosophy
Medieval Islamic Philosophy History