What Is Hobbesianism, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
The philosophy of the English philosopher Hobbes is called Hobbesianism. Hobbesianism is a philosophical system based on Hobbes’ materialism.
The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) is considered the father of materialism in general and English materialism in particular. After the founders of dialectical materialism said, “Materialism is the illegitimate child of England,” they add: “The first form of materialism is nominalism. The English scholastic Duns Scottus forced theology to favor the materialist view by asking whether it is possible for matter to think. Bacon, the father of experimental science, childishly albeit, it has prepared possibilities for the universal development of materialism.
In its further development, materialism becomes a one-sided idea. Hobbes systematizes Bacon’s Materialism. Hobbes said that “there is no immaterial soul” and “there is no real knowledge outside of empirical science”. According to Hobbes, to philosophize is to think right. To think is to add, separate, collect, subtract; In other words, it means to count.
So thinking right is to unite what should be combined, to separate what should be separated. Things that can be combined or separated are bodies. Therefore, philosophy can have no other subject than objects. Spirits, Angels. God is unthinkable. These abstract concepts are not matters of philosophy, but matters of faith. The subject of philosophy is objects, and its method is outer and inner sensibility. External and internal sensibility are both based on experience. There is no real knowledge outside the science of observation.
THE PROBLEM OF FREEDOM IN THE APPROACH OF HOBBESIS
According to Hobbes, there is no such thing as unlimited freedom. Our behavior is in the hands of irresistible instincts. Passionless reason, unattractive moral principles can have no effect on people. It is in our power to control our behavior that comes after a request, but not to manage our request. Every behavior has a sufficient reason. Enough reason, necessity. Like every other object in the universe, man is bound by this necessity. As in everything else, the most real manager in tradition is the idea of interest.
There is no pure good, only bad, pure law (justice), pure morality (morality), these are invented concepts. In reality, good is pleasant and bad is unpleasant. As in nature, it is the power (force) that creates the right in the state. The real state is a fight of all against all. Since the state puts an end to this fight to some extent, the virtue it commands is the vice it forbids.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım