What is Human, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Conscious and social being. Recent findings in the field of anthropology reveal that marine animals lived in the Silurian period 400 million years ago, land plants appeared in the Carbon period 300 million years ago, dinosaurs and reptiles appeared in the Jurassic period 150 million years ago, and monkeys and primates that are likely to become human in the future increased in the Eocene period 60 million years ago. has put it. Fossil remains from these ages suggest that Aegyptopithecus Zeuxis, which lived in the Oligocene period 35 million years ago, may be the ancestor of Dryopithecus, an ape species that prepared for humanization.
This ape species, called Dryopithecus Africanus, lived in the Miocene period 25 million years ago. It is thought that Ramapithecus punjabicus and Kenyapithecus Africanus found in this age were the first hominids (La. Hominidae) to form the human species. Although no fossils from the Pleistocene period 12 million years ago have been found, fossils of Australopithecus, which are thought to be the first humanized ape group, have been found from the Pleistocene period 3 million years ago. Because, until these came, it was determined that while monkey groups mostly lived in trees, this group lived on the ground. The first of these ape-human fossils was found in 1924 in Rhodesia. Later, dozens of such fossils were unearthed. Along with these fossils, chipped pebbles thought to have been made by these were also found. Before the third ice age of the Pleitocene epoch, the human species is thought to have spread widely. Neanderthal man is one of these early humans and is called Homo sapiens Neanderthalensis. The fourth ice age of this period almost completely destroyed Neanderthal man. But before the end of this era, real humans called Homo sapiens sapiens appeared on earth.
These are the ancestors of our surviving lineage. These people existed in various races. The first of these races is the Cro-Magnon race. Man is the product of nature and the result of biological evolution. The transition from biological evolution to human history began with labor. What distinguishes human labor from animal labor is that this labor is conscious. Labor and consciousness, as conditions of each other, is a dialectical duplication peculiar to man. The intelligence that appeared in higher animal species, and the effort that had been limited to it, turned into human consciousness and conscious labor as a result of evolution. This development is the product of a very long evolution. Animal intelligence and effort have not only benefited from nature, but become human when they have changed nature in accordance with its benefit and dominated it. Man came into existence by overcoming the natural conditions that created him, and therefore he can no longer be reduced to those natural conditions. After a long evolution, which took place through the mutual influence of consciousness and action, it made a tool and produced itself, unlike the animal. Furthermore, although the animal is a single entity, man is only a social being. “Man is the sum of his social relations”. The production of both himself and nature is the main quality that makes man human.