What is Humanism? HumanismJune 28, 2021
The term Humanism or Humanism, in its most general sense, is a worldview that is based on the human mind, the concepts of ethics and justice, and rejects superstitions and everything supernatural. Humanism is the individualist Renaissance ideal that advocates respect and well-being for human beings. Therefore, Humanism is also a Renaissance movement.
This idiom, besides expressing the meaning of working on the works of Antiquity and revealing them, also expresses the meaning of putting human as a measure of value and belief in humanity.
Humanism also names Schiller’s teaching separately from this. In a broad sense, humanism or humanism names all the efforts to make man human in the historical process, and in this sense, it expresses the development of man’s creative powers, making him free and prosperous, and elevating and advancing him in all aspects.
This approach is the secular interpretation of humanism. In its secular form, “humanism is an approach that focuses on human values and interests in studies, philosophy, and practice.” This approach excludes all kinds of anti-humanist (non-human) concepts, thoughts and practices.
A definition that complements the two definitions above is that humanism is a term describing a general category of moral philosophies that presuppose that all human beings are worthy and dignified.
Humanism is a term describing a general category of moral philosophies based on the human mind, the concepts of ethics and justice, focusing on human values and interests in the theoretical and practical fields, and predicting that all people are valuable and honorable.
During the Renaissance, “humanism is a term describing all kinds of innovation-reform activities carried out by academics, writers and public leaders, generally in the field of culture and education.”
In its specific sense, humanism is the revolutionary movement or orientation of the Renaissance, based on the study of the Greek and Latin languages, cultures and arts, and later focused on human studies. It is aimed to assimilate this rich resource that has reached the highest limits in creativity and then sail to new horizons. Research and exploration has focused particularly on literary and philosophical examples. Since it is necessary to know Greek well, studies on the Greek language are given priority. This period of enthusiastic and dynamic pursuits formed the dawn of the modern age, which continues to this day.
EARLY HUMANIST PHILOSOPHERS
Who is Dante?
Who is Petrarch?
Who is Boccacio?
LATE HUMANIST PHILOSOPHERS
Who is Mirandola?
Who is Erasmus?
Who is Luther?
Who is Montaigne?
Humanism with its writers and thinkers
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook