What is Humeism (British Skepticism) and What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Humeanism, also known as English skepticism, is the philosophy view and school of the English thinker David Hume. Hume can be considered, in one respect, the father of all contemporary idealistic delusions. Kantian and positivist agnosticism is its product. Humeanism has widely influenced contemporary idealist teachings. According to Kant, Humeanism awakened him from his metaphysical slumber.
Criticism, positivism, neo-positivism, pragmatism, existentialism, etc. Many contemporary idealist teachings, such as Humeanism, are based on Humeanism. Hume starts out from the notion that there is no other source of knowledge than experimentation. However, he interprets it thoughtfully. For Hume, experience and sensation give only impressions of it, not objective reality. Our mind makes thoughts from these impressions. Objective reality can never be known. Because we have no other source to know it than experiment.
The experiment lacks the elements of universality and necessity. Experiment is not universal because it is limited, we do not know how a newer experiment will turn out. The fact that the experiment has always yielded the same result does not prove that it will give the same result in the future. Experiment is not necessary because, for example, it gives us that cooling is followed by freezing, but this is just a fact and not a necessary phenomenon, i.e. experiment gives us that cooling is followed by freezing, but cooling is always and everywhere necessarily followed by freezing. does not give reasons. The cooling event, for example, may also be followed by evaporation.
To understand which of the two will happen, we must again follow the experiment and look at the phenomenon. So it is only the facts that we can know, not that they are necessary (it is thus clear how simple Kantian criticism and Comtean positivism are based on). According to Hume, experiment is not real, it is illusion, since it is not universal and necessary. It is the association that provides this illusion. We have seen many times that cold is followed by frostbite, when we see the cold again, our mind invokes these old manners, which is why we consider the relationship between the two to be universal and necessary. This is nothing but a delusion. Hume thus denies not only objective reality but also the objectivity of causality, which is the basis of science.