What Is Hylozoism (Living Materialism)?July 1, 2021
Hilozoism or living materialism is the general name of the teachings that consider matter, that is, matter alive, philosophically, and it is the viewpoint of life that argues that matter is alive. Although the concept of hylozoism can be dated from the pre-Socratic schools of philosophy to the School of Miletus, it was first introduced by the British theologian Ralph Cudworth.
The first thinkers of Ancient Greek thought were Thales, Anaximandros and Anaksimenes; They designed the water, apeiron and psykhe substances, which they thought as arkhe, as living beings. All these are alive; because everything is derived and formed from them. Later, the Stoics also regarded material nature as alive. Contemporary science has confirmed these intellectual assumptions of ancient thinkers. The living thing is moving, and there is nothing in nature that does not move.
The term “living materialism”, which was first used in the 17th century, describes all the ancient Greek materialists, as well as many materialists of recent times, from Giordano Bruno to Jean-Baptiste Robinet.
The only mistake of the understanding of living materialism is that it assumes that all materials are alive and therefore have sensations. However, sensations have arisen only in highly developed organic substances. (There is also chemical and physical sensitivity in matter, vitalism and living materialism are its perception and reflection. N.)
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım