What is Idealism in Educational Philosophy?June 29, 2021
Idealism can be defined as a philosophy that establishes the basis of reality with concepts such as intellectual, spiritual/spiritual and idea. According to idealists, truth is “idea, thought, spirit”. The substance is a byproduct of it. The laws of the universe are/should be in harmony with the intellectual and moral nature of man.
If we summarize the resentments of education in idealism as a worldly process over time, it is seen that the source of man is God, his nature is freedom and his destiny is immortality. What philosophy teaches us is that adaptation to the environment, which biology insists on as the core of education, is truly an endless process.
The physical body is a temporary garment from which the mind will benefit. It lasts for a while, then it is set aside. The human mind, on the other hand, takes shape in an endless development. Man is a free being, capable of shaping his own future to some extent.
Education is the process of high harmony with God, in which physically and mentally developed, free, conscious human beings reveal themselves in their mental, emotional and willful environment.
The educational message that idealism seeks to convey is a liberal education that gives students maximum freedom of choice. It is recognized that the child has certain physical and mental latent powers that develop in adulthood. Emancipatory education is seen as compulsory for the development of the child. The essence of education is character education. Parents and primary school teachers, who will lay the foundations of the child’s future development, are seen as important factors in the education process. The state is the power and protective shield of the society, the family is the heart of the society, religion is the soul of the society and business life is the hands of the society. School is the mind of society.
The main task of the school is to provide education and training, to pursue knowledge and to develop the mind. The mind in question here is related to all the cognitive equipment of the human being; senses, emotions, imagination and will, intellect. Education deals with man as he is, in all his concrete reality and with his hidden powers waiting to be developed, and seeks to help him realize his undeveloped powers for better and mature knowledge, decision and action at every education level.
Educational Approach of Idealism
The path to truth is not just the scientific method. Intuitive thinking is just as important as the scientific attitude.
It is based on concepts such as spirit, morality, mind and thought in explaining the universe.
In idealism, values are absolute and have an unchanging structure.
The real knowledge is the knowledge that is the product of the mind and it is innate in the human mind. The main task of the teacher is to reveal this hidden knowledge in the students.
According to this view, which argues that good, beautiful and truth are universal, students should be taught living values and how to live with these values.
At the center of idealistic education are subjects, lessons, universal truths and the teacher who will convey them. For this reason, idealists have adopted a subject area or knowledge-based curriculum development approach.
In idealism, the real is the mind, and matter, in a way, is its product.
The accuracy of a judgment depends on its compatibility with other judgments. Because the concept of consistency has an important place in the idealist view.
The school should teach the values that constitute the cultural heritage.
Education is the work of turning the soul into good.
Intelligent people (Philosophers) should rule the state. (Plato)
The philosophy of education he directs is essentialism.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology, Grade 4 “Sociology of Education” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); prof. Dr. Hüseyin Akyüz – A Research on Basic Concepts and Fields of Sociology of Education; Atatürk University, Department of Sociology, Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)