What Is Identical, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
When the word identical is mentioned, two things that seem equal, or the only thing that are actually the same when they don’t seem to be equal, come to mind. Later, the scholastics added what remains in a changing thing to these two identity states (Non-one identical), (Non-identical one), (One and identical) In dialectical logic, identity is valid only in abstractions; non-identical and constantly changing.
This is how development occurs in its most general form: an object, at every given moment, strives to remain identical with itself and at the same time to become non-identical. The object is definite and continuous, but it also changes and transforms. It is the struggle of this opposition of identity (continuity) and non-identity (change) in the object that enables development. “The opposition is that something remains the same as itself and is constantly changing. The opposition is in the contradiction between permanence and change”. For example, an apple constantly develops, ripens, rots and eventually disappears; but in a way it always remains the apple, that is, identical with itself, throughout this whole development process.
In Hegel, opposites are identical, in an abysmally different sense from the materialist dialectic’s understanding of identity. This Hegelian identity of opposites has caused great errors in the understanding of dialectic and its application to practice.