What is Indeterminism?

What is Indeterminism?

June 28, 2021 Off By Felso

It is possible to answer the question of what is indeterminism as follows: Indeterminism, also known as indeterminism, rejects the understanding of determinism, that everything that happens in the universe cannot be explained by immutable laws, that there are events, facts and processes that occur without being dependent on the law of causality, that human will is always dependent on the chain of cause and effect. It is an opinion that claims that it does not work as Indeterminism argues that human will is free.


According to indeterminism, people are free to act morally. Because there is no factor that affects, determines or restricts human actions. Man does his actions freely using his own free will, and therefore the person is responsible for his actions. Since a person feels free, he freely obeys the moral laws of the society.

In the field of metaphysics, theological teachings had to resort to indeterminism and defend possession in order to solve the problem of human responsibility before God. According to this idea, God has predetermined everything; but it has also given man a particular hand (reason in the sense of the power to choose between good and evil).

Indeterminism, which is the opposite of determinism, which accepts that events cannot occur without a cause, that there can be no absolute beginning and place for free will in the world, argues that human will in morality is not dependent on any condition, is not determined by the conditions it is in, and that the free will of man is not dependent on the law of causation.

Man is free to act morally,
People’s actions are not determined by any factor,
People use their own will,
Individuals may or may not freely obey moral laws,
Individuals’ free choices impose responsibilities on them.
Individuals are both free and responsible when they act.

Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook