What is Infinite Return (Eternal Return) and What Does It Mean?June 27, 2021
Nietzsche’s eternal return and superman views are complementary to each other. Nietzsche argues that man will come to the world again and again with his view of eternal return. According to Nietzsche; “Man is an hourglass whose whole life is constantly turned”. The danger in eternal return is that all the problems that man has overcome in order to become the superhuman reappear and must be overcome again. He sees God as the greatest obstacle in front of man in reaching the superman.
One of the deadliest points in Nietzsche’s philosophy is what he calls “eternal return” or “eternal recurrence”. This concept is a doctrine that leads Nietzsche to the conclusion of life with an endless desire to “yes” and approve.
The repetition of life over and over again and again, the name the superman gives to becoming, is a name. Infinite repetition, which is a form of affirmation different from and much more powerful than destiny, is the eternal repetition of every moment, every life, over and over again for eternity because matter is finite in space and time is an everlasting process.
Nietzsche states the following about the doctrine of eternal return: “An example of such a passing thought to provide the highest power: Fateism, its most extreme form: eternal return!”
This idea, which he describes as the extreme form of predestination, gives an additional impetus to creativity. Affirmation of life, despite all kinds of moods and harshness, is a guide on the way to the overman, and a motto for the overman.
Thinking that philosophy and art should not be separated from each other, Nietzsche puts forward the first condition that the greatest creator should assimilate, as eternal return, since man, who gathers the creative energy of nature, grows with creativity, that is, art.
Infinite return is a “Dionysian” state, as Nietzsche often defines in his works. That is, an ecstasy of the tragic-superman. In a way, it is the highest and total affirmation of the chain of existence.
Dionysus is a Greek god. His name is mentioned as the god of wine and entertainment in ancient Greek mythology. Due to the fact that the sense of creativity increases with the discovery of wine by humanity, people attach great value to creativity.
This god, Nietzsche finds its true meaning and becomes the two protectors and creators of art, the other being Apollo. Dionysus; god of exuberance, creativity, harmony, music and drunkenness; Apollo is the god of measure, balance, form and light.
It embodies the intertwined and inseparable form of Apollo-Dionysos conflict and reconciliation, in eternal return. The eternal return is an inseparable principle of the “child”, which Nietzsche also defines in his “Zoroastrian”, “on three changes”.
The Dionysian situation, in which all kinds of pain, suffering, sorrow, and, on the contrary, exuberance, happiness and joy form an inseparable whole, were also handled in Irvin Yalom’s famous novel “When Nietzsche Cries” and attracted great attention.
In a fictional dialogue, Nietzsche said, plausibly, that Dr. To Bruer: “Imagine that the eternal hourglass of existence turns over and over again and again. Each time, you and I are constantly reversed in every speck of it. Time is eternal; if time stretches out to infinity, hasn’t everything that could happen already happened before? “Isn’t everything that is happening now in the past in the same way? Imagine that time has always existed, stretching back to infinity. Doesn’t it mean that in such an endless time, all the events that make up the world come together, repeat themselves endlessly?”
Constructed by Irvin Yalom and featuring real character and space, this famous dialogue seems to describe Nietzsche’s unique teaching of eternal repetition.